US History

It was not asphalt. The remnant oil represents a tiny fraction of the 11 million gallons that spilled - just 20, to 22, gallons, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. But it is a symptom as well as a symbol of a persistent oil spill disaster.

Creatures large and small still are struggling. One pod of killer whales lost nearly half its members, has failed to reproduce, and is likely to go extinct. Another pod lost about a third of its members and is still struggling. The big schools of Pacific herring that supported a rich commercial fishery are gone. Sea otter populations in heavily oiled areas are about half as big as would be expected.

While there have been far bigger spillsthe Exxon Valdez disaster ranks, by far, as the most devastating in North America to marine life. The immediate toll included hundreds of thousands of seabirds and thousands of marine mammals. There were sea otters that were rescued and only of them survived.

The ones who died had severe emphysema along with liver, kidney, intestinal, and bone morrow damage. By the summer ofthe beaches were all cleaned up, but a high price was paid. Many animals were affected and the damage to fisheries still remains unknown.

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You can easily control willing to help when online using messages. Whenever you need help will be sent to filled with people. Besides, with the help may need a professional with my homework. The oil was one thing, but we found out about other diseases and issues, and what we needed to do to restore a healthy wild population. Since then, Tuomi has been involved in rehabilitating marine mammals in southern Alaska, continuing research into their lives and population health.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Profile

Sea otters are abundant again in Prince William Sound. Some fishermen even consider them rival predators for salmon and prized halibut. But other species haven ' t recovered. Alaska ' s once-booming herring fishery is finished, and local killer whale populations are in danger of dying out altogether.

Rick Steiner calls the spill a "demographic time bomb" for animals in the affected area. And industry rhetoric aside, we know these disasters do cause long-term, permanent environmental damage. And that's one of the take-home lessons from Exxon Valdez a quarter of a century later: Once it happens, it's never over.

Bob Linville agrees. After a bone marrow transplant inhe has been feeling better and is involved in commercial fishing again. But every March 24he remembers the day that changed everything and the long ordeal that followed.

Surprisingly, the oil is just as toxic as it was right after the spill. It is decomposing no more than 4 percent a year. It could take centuries to completely dissipate. Until all species recover, the economy that depends upon them cannot fully recover, either.

The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

After 14 years of lawsuits and appeals, the U. That was only about 12 hours of revenue for the giant oil company.The consequences of this spill were detrimental and continue to affect life today.

The oil spill killed thousands of wildlife, extensively damaged a portion of the beautiful Alaskan environment, and eventually affected the economy to global proportions.

Ina gigantic geyser of oil erupted from a drilling site at Spindletop Hill, Texas. The spout reached a height of more than feet and produced close tobarrels a day. Soon a thriving oil industry formed around the oil field at Spindletop. Many of our current oil companies can trace their roots back there, such as Gulf Oil, Texaco and Exxon.

This withdrawal delighted many environmental groups long opposed to the pipeline. Abstract This paper is clarifying the effect of avoiding the rule with clear example, then presents different reason for why companies have to follow the rules and finally explain the social ethic statement from a company.

Argumentative paper on exxon valdez oil spill

Social and Ethical Responsibility We are living in 21 century, the age of innovation, growth, technology. Many companies and Multinational Corporation making the contract abroad to make more profit.

Today, more people and nations are working together. Ethics and Government Angela M. Government Ethics is often times referred to an oxy-moron.

Effects of the exxon valdez oil spill term paper

The reason for this is that many believe that our government does not have ethics in decision making. In this paper I will attempt to analyze the links between. Wildlife value is measured by the cost to obtain or rehabilitate them. Surprisingly, the oil is just as toxic as it was right after the spill. It is decomposing no more than 4 percent a year. It could take centuries to completely dissipate. Until all species recover, the economy that depends upon them cannot fully recover, either. After 14 years of lawsuits and appeals, the U.

That was only about 12 hours of revenue for the giant oil company. He was cleared of felony charges. He was convicted of a misdemeanor of negligent discharge of oil, for which he performed community service. Hazelwood had been drinking during argumentative paper on exxon valdez oil spill day but did not appear intoxicated when he boarded the ship that night. It killed an estimatedsea birds, 3, otters, seals, bald eagles and 22 killer whales.

The oil spill also may have played a role in the collapse of salmon and herring fisheries in Prince William Sound exxon valdez oil spill ethical issue the early s. Fishermen went bankrupt, and the economies of small shoreline towns, including Valdez and Cordova, suffered in the following years.

A study found oil contamination remaining at more than half of the 91 beach sites tested in Prince William Sound. The spill had killed an estimated 40 percent of all sea otters living in the Sound. Stocks of herring, once a lucrative source of income for Prince William Sound fisherman, have never fully rebounded. In the wake of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the U. Bush signed into law that year. The Oil Pollution Act of increased penalties for companies responsible for oil spills and required that all oil tankers in United States waters have a double hull.

Exxon Valdez was a single-hulled tanker; a double-hull design, by making it less likely that a collision would have spilled oil, might have prevented the Exxon Valdez disaster.

The ship, Exxon Valdez -first commissioned in was repaired and returned to service a year after the spill in a different ocean and under a different name. The single-hulled ship could no longer transport oil in U. The ship began running oil transport routes in Europe, where single-hulled oil tankers were still allowed. Inthe European Union banned single-hulled tankers and the former Exxon Valdez moved to Asian waters.

Exxon sold the infamous tanker dissertation control groups to a Hong Kong-based shipping company.

The company converted the old oil tanker to an ore carrier, renaming it the Dong Feng Ocean. Inthe star-crossed ship collided with another bulk carrier in the Yellow Sea and was once again severely damaged. The ship was renamed once more after the collision, becoming the Oriental Nicety. The Oriental Nicety was sold for scrap to an Indian company and dismantled in Exxon Valdez laid to rest; Nature.

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